Untuk membuat kalimat pasif, kita tinggal melihat contoh rumus passive voice. Caranya sangat mudah, yaitu dengan menambahkan “be”, lalu mengubah verb-nya menjadi verb III.
- We learn English (kita belajar bahasa inggris) menjadi: English is learnt by us (Bahasa Inggris dipelajari oleh kita)
Perlu diketahui, be dapat berubah menjadi are, am, is, was, were, been, being.
Pelajari: daftar irregular verb bahasa Inggris
Aturan Passive Voice
Ada beberapa aturan yang harus diperhatikan dalam membuat kalimat pasif, yaitu:
1. kata kerja harus berupa kata kerja transitif (kata kerja yang memiliki objek),
- I take this (Aku mengambil ini) menjadi: It is taken by me (ini diambil oleh ku).
Kata kerja intransitif (yang tidak memiliki objek) tidak dapat dipasifkan. Seperti pada contoh di bawah ini:
- You jump 3 times (kamu melompat 3 kali.)
Baca: perbedaan dan contoh transitive dan intransitive verb.
2. Objek dalam kalimat aktif berubah menjadi subjek dalam kalimat pasif.
- I open the door (aku membuka pintunya) menjadi: The door is opened by me (pintunya dibuka oleh ku.)
Rumus passive voice
Untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut, perhatikan semua Rumus Passive Voice pada tenses berikut:
|TENSES||RUMUS AKTIVE VOICE||RUMUS PASSIVE VOICE|
|Simple Present||S + Verb + O (I study English)||S + are/am/is + Verb III (English is studied by me)|
|Simple Past||S + Verb II + O (I studied English)||S+ was/were + verb III (English was studied by me)|
|Simple Future||S + will Verb + O (I will study English)||S+ will be + verb III (English will be studied by me)|
|Present Continuous||S + are/am/is/ Verb Ing + O (I am studying English)||S + are/am/is/ being + Verb III (English is being studied by me)|
|Past Continuous||S + was/were Verb Ing + O (I was studying English)||S + was/were being + Verb 3 (English was being studied by me)|
|Future Continuous||S + will be Verb Ing + O (I will be studying English)||S + will be being + Verb III ( English will be being studied by me)|
|Present perfect||S + have/has Verb III + O (I have studied English)||S + have/has been + Verb III (English has been studied by me)|
|Past perfect||S + had Verb III + O (I had studied English)||S + had been + Verb III (English had been studied by me)|
|Future perfect||S + will have Verb III + O ( I will have studied English)||S + will have been + Verb III (English will have been studied by me)|
|Present Perfect continuous||S + have/has been Verb ing + O (I have been studying English)||–|
|Past Perfect continuous||S + had been Verb ing + O (I had been studying English)||–|
|Future Perfect continuous||S + will have been Verb ing + O (I will have been studying English)||–|
Passive Voice pada Modal
Untuk membuat kalimat pasive voice pada modal, cukup dengan menambahkan be, kemudian ubah verb-nya menjadi verb III.
|S + Will verb I + O||S + Will be + Verb III|
|S + Would Verb I + O||S + Would be + Verb III|
|S + Shall Verb I + O||S + Shall be + Verb III|
|Dan lain sebagainya…||Dan seterusnya…|
Contoh passive voice pada modal:
|MODAL||AKTIVE VOICE||PASSIVE VOICE|
|Will||I will write a letter||A letter will be written by me|
|Would||You would write a letter||A letter would be written|
|Shall||We shall take this||This shall be taken|
|Should||They should remind me||I should be reminded|
|Must||He must study English||English must be studied|
|Can||She can open the door||The door can be opened|
|Could||Doni could make a sentence||A sentence could be made|
|May||Tono may watch this||This may be watched|
|Might||Susan might drive the car||The car might be driven|
Itu saja uraian contoh dan rumus passive voice yang dapat saya utarakan. Semoga bermanfaat. Thanks for your reading.