Cara Mudah Menerapkan Rumus Passive Voice dalam Kalimat

Untuk membuat kalimat pasif, kita tinggal melihat contoh rumus passive voice. Caranya sangat mudah, yaitu dengan menambahkan “be”, lalu mengubah verb-nya menjadi verb III.

  • We learn English (kita belajar bahasa inggris) menjadi: English is learnt by us (Bahasa Inggris dipelajari oleh kita)

Perlu diketahui, be dapat berubah menjadi are, am, is, was, were, been, being.

Pelajari: daftar irregular verb bahasa Inggris

Aturan Passive Voice

Ada beberapa aturan yang harus diperhatikan dalam membuat kalimat pasif, yaitu:

1. kata kerja harus berupa kata kerja transitif (kata kerja yang memiliki objek),

  • I take this (Aku mengambil ini) menjadi:  It is taken by me (ini diambil oleh ku).

Kata kerja intransitif (yang tidak memiliki objek) tidak dapat dipasifkan. Seperti pada contoh di bawah ini:

  • You jump 3 times (kamu melompat 3 kali.)

Baca: perbedaan dan contoh transitive dan intransitive verb.

2. Objek dalam kalimat aktif berubah menjadi subjek dalam kalimat pasif.

  • I open the door (aku membuka pintunya) menjadi: The door is opened by me (pintunya dibuka oleh ku.)

Rumus passive voice

Untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut, perhatikan semua Rumus Passive Voice pada tenses berikut:

TENSES RUMUS AKTIVE VOICE RUMUS PASSIVE VOICE
Simple Present S + Verb + O (I study English) S + are/am/is + Verb III (English is studied by me)
Simple Past S + Verb  II + O (I studied English) S+ was/were + verb III (English was studied by me)
Simple Future S + will Verb + O (I will study English) S+ will be + verb III (English will be studied by me)
Present Continuous S + are/am/is/ Verb Ing + O (I am studying English) S + are/am/is/ being + Verb III (English is being studied by me)
Past Continuous S + was/were Verb Ing + O (I was studying English) S + was/were being + Verb 3 (English was being studied by me)
Future Continuous S + will be Verb Ing + O (I will be studying English) S + will be being + Verb III ( English will be being studied by me)
Present perfect S + have/has  Verb III + O (I have studied English) S + have/has  been + Verb III (English has been studied by me)
Past perfect S + had Verb III + O (I had studied English) S + had  been + Verb III (English had been studied by me)
Future perfect S + will have Verb III + O ( I will have studied English) S + will have been + Verb III (English will have been studied by me)
Present Perfect continuous S + have/has been  Verb ing + O (I have been studying English)
Past Perfect continuous S + had been  Verb ing + O (I had been studying English)
Future Perfect continuous S + will have been  Verb ing + O (I will have been studying English)

Passive Voice pada Modal

Untuk membuat kalimat pasive voice pada modal, cukup dengan menambahkan be, kemudian ubah verb-nya menjadi verb III.

AKTIF PASIF
S + Will  verb I + O S + Will be + Verb III
S + Would  Verb I + O S + Would be + Verb III
S + Shall  Verb I + O S + Shall be + Verb III
Dan lain sebagainya… Dan seterusnya…

Contoh passive voice pada modal:

MODAL AKTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
Will I will write a letter A letter will be written by me
Would You would write a letter A letter would be written
Shall We shall take this This shall be taken
Should They should remind me I should be reminded
Must He must study English English must be studied
Can She can open the door The door can be opened
Could Doni could make a sentence A sentence could be made
May Tono may watch this This may be watched
Might Susan might drive the car The car might be driven

Itu saja uraian contoh dan rumus passive voice yang dapat saya utarakan. Semoga bermanfaat. Thanks for your reading.

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