100+ Contraction Bahasa Inggris [Arti, Contoh, Penggunaan]

arti contraction

Dalam percakapan, contraction bahasa Inggris biasa kita dengar. Karena memang, orang lebih suka menggunakan kata-kata gaya bahasa yang singkat, namun dapat difahami dengan mudah.

Nah dalam artikel ini, disebutkan sekitar 100 contraction yang sering digunakan dalam percakapan. Langsung saja anda cek!!

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Namun sebelumnya, tahukah anda apa arti contraction? Bagaimana contohnya? Dan kata apa saja yang bisa dikontraksikan?

Dalam penulisan bahasa Inggris, anda pasti pernah menjumpai kata seperti “I’m, you’re, can’t, dll”. Dan semua itu disebut dengan contraction.

Arti contraction

Contraction adalah gabungan dua kata atau lebih yang di dalamnya terdapat huruf-huruf yang dihilangkan, serta terdapat apostrop sebagai pengganti huruf yang dihilangkan tersebut.

Perlu diingat, Tujuan dari contraction ini yaitu untuk menyingkat kalimat.

  1. I am = I’m /aɪm/ /am/
  2. You are = you’re /jɔ:r/ /jʊr/ /jər/
  3. Can not = can’t

Pada contoh “I’m”, kita menggabungkan kata “I” dan “am” menjadi “I’m”, dan di sini terdapat huruf yang dihilangkan, yaitu “a”. Demikian juga pada contoh you’re, can’t.

Penggunaan

Kita menggunakan contraction dalam percakapan sehari-hari, serta dalam penulisan yang tidak formal. Contraction dalam istilah lain disebut juga dengan “short form”.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh contraction yang paling umum kita gunakan:

Contractions dengan kata I, you, he, she, it, we, and they

  • ’m = am (I’m)
  • ’re = are (you’re, we’re, they’re)
  • ’s = is and has (he’s, she’s, it’s)
  • ’ve = have (’ve, you’ve, we’ve, they’ve)
  • ’ll = will (I’ll, you’ll, he’ll, she’ll, it’ll, we’ll, they’ll)
  • ’d = had and would (I’d, you’d, he’d, she’d, it’d, we’d, they’d)

Contraction dengan auxiliary verb dan not

Contraction untuk not adalah n’t. Selengkapnya, perhatikan semua contoh contraction pada tabel di bawah !!

aren’t=are not (we aren’t, you aren’t)
can’t=Cannot
couldn’t=could not
didn’t=did not (I didn’t, they didn’t)
hasn’t=has not
haven’t=have not
isn’t=is not (she isn’t, it isn’t)
mustn’t=must not
shan’t=shall not
shouldn’t=should not
wasn’t=was not
weren’t=were not
won’t=will not
wouldn’t=would not

Dua alternatif penggunan contraction

Kita gunakan contraction be (are, am, is,) + negatif dengan dua cara. Seperti pada contoh berikut:

  • She is not : She’s not / She isn’t
  • You are not : You’re not / You aren’t

Pada kata have, has, had, will dan would + negatif, kita juga dapat menggunakan dua cara.

  • She has not studied: She‘s not / She hasn’t studied
  • I have not studied : I’ve not / I haven’t studied
  • He had not studied : He’d not / He hadn’t studied
  • She will not go : She’ll not / She won’t go
  • She would not go : She’d not / She wouldn’t go

Namun pada kata-kata yang lain, contraction hanya dapat dilakukan dengan satu cara.

  • I am not : I’m not (bukan I amn’t)
  • I was not : I wasn’t
  • You were not : You weren’t
  • I do not : I don’t
  • We did not : We didn’t

Daftar Contoh Contraction

Nah, untuk mengenal lebih jauh apa itu contraction. Berikut beberapa daftarnya yang perlu anda ketahui.

KATA-KATACONTRATION
I amI’m   /aɪm/ /am/
You areYou’re /jɔ:r/ /jʊr/ /jər/  
They areThey’re
We areWe’re
He is here (Adjective, noun, adverb)He’s here
She isShe’s /ʃiːz/
It isIt’s
He has eaten (verb 3)He’s eaten /hiːz/
I had studied (Verb 3)I’d studied /aɪd/ /ad/
I would study (verb 1)I’d study /aɪd/ /ad/
I willI’ll /aɪl/ /al/
I shallI’ll /aɪl/ /al/
Want toWanna /’wɒnə/
Got toGotta /’gɒtə/
Going toGonna /’gɒnə/
Have toHafta /’hæftə/
Has toHasta /’hæzdə/
Give meGimme /’gɪmi/
Let meLemme /’lemi/
Leave meLimme /’li:mi/
What are youWhatchu / whaddyou

Note:

Khusus want to, got to, going to, have to, has to, give me, let me, leave me, dan what are you…. tidak menggunakan apostrop.

Ada juga contoh contraction yang  bebentuk negatif. Coba perhatikan daftarnya pada tabel berikut:

KATA-KATACONTRACTION
Are notAren’t
Were notWeren’t
Is notIsn’t /ˈɪzənt/
Was notWasn’t /ˈwɒzənt/
Have notHaven’t
Has notHasn’t
Had notHadn’t
Do notDon’t /dəʊnt/
Does notDoesn’t /ˈdʌzənt/
Did notDidn’t
Will notWon’t /wəʊnt/
Would notWouldn’t /wʊdnt/
Can notCan’t
Could notCoudn’t /kʊdnt/
Must notMusn’t
Should notShouldn’t /ʃʊdnt/
Shall notShan’t  /ʃɑːnt/
May notMayn’t
Might notMightn’t
Need notNeedn’t
Ought notOughtn’t

Tampaknya memahami arti contraction, berikut penggunaan dan contohnya tidaklah begitu sulit.

Perlu diingat, penggunan contraction sangat umum terjadi dalam speaking. Karenanya, fahami dan kuasai materi ini dengan baik untuk menunjang speaking anda.

100 Contraction Bahasa Inggris Populer

Untuk lebih jelasnya, simak daftar berikut:

No.KataContraction
1are notaren’t
2were notweren’t
3is notisn’t
4was notwasn’t
5can notcan’t
6could notcouldn’t
7must notmusn’t
8should notshouldn’t
9shall notshan’t
10would notwouldn’t
11will notwon’t
12ought notoughn’t
13might notmight’ve
14could havecould’ve
15must havemust’ve
16would havewould’ve
17might havemight’ve
18need notneedn’t
19dare notdaren’t
20would not havewouldn’t’ve
21could not havecouldn’t’ve
22might not havemighn’t’ve
23did notdidn’t
24does notdoesn’t
25do notdon’t
26had nothadn’t
27had not havehadn’t’ve
28has nothasn’t
29have nothaven’t
30he had / he wouldhe’d
31he would havehe’d’ve
32he shall / he willhe’ll
33he has / he ishe’s
34he has not / he is nothe’sn’t
35how did / how wouldhow’d
36how willhow’ll
37how has / how is / how doeshow’s
38i had / i wouldi’d
39i would havei’d’ve
40i shall / i willi’ll
41i ami’m
42i havei’ve
43i have noti’ven’t
44is notisn’t
45it had / it wouldit’d
46it would haveit’d’ve
47it shall / it willit’ll
48it has / it isit’s
49it has not / it is notit’sn’t
50let uslet’s
51she had / she wouldshe’d
52she would haveshe’d’ve
53she shall / she willshe’ll
54she has / she isshe’s
55she has not / she is notshe’sn’t
56somebody had / somebody wouldsomebody’d
57somebody shall / somebody willsomebody’ll
58somebody has / somebody issomebody’s
59someone had / someone wouldsomeone’d
60someone would havesomeone’d’ve
61someone shall / someone willsomeone’ll
62someone has / someone issomeone’s
63something had / something wouldsomething’d
64something would havesomething’d’ve
65something shall / something willsomething’ll
66something has / something issomething’s
67that willthat’ll
68that has / that isthat’s
69there had / there wouldthere’d
70there would havethere’d’ve
71there arethere’re
72there has / there isthere’s
73they had / they wouldthey’d
74they shall / they willthey’ll
75they arethey’re
76they havethey’ve
77they have notthey’ven’t
78it is’tis
79it was’twas
80want towanna
81was notwasn’t
82we had / we wouldwe’d
83we willwe’ll
84we arewe’re
85we havewe’ve
86were notweren’t
87what shall / what willwhat’ll
88what arewhat’re
89what has / what is / what doeswhat’s
90what havewhat’ve
91when has / when iswhen’s
92where didwhere’d
93where has / where is / where doeswhere’s
94where havewhere’ve
95who would / who hadwho’d
96who would havewho’d’ve
97who shall / who willwho’ll
98who has / who iswho’s
99who havewho’ve
100how ishow’s

Jika ditelusuri lebih lanjut, selain 100 contraction bahasa Inggris di atas, sebenarnya masih banyak yang belum masuk dalam daftar.

Jika anda anda tahu, coba anda sebutkan di kotak komen.. thanks!!

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